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This suggests that there are players whose redistribution strategies are susceptible to the anchor. This figure is intended to complement Table 4 by providing a visual overview of the impact of anchors on the distribution SM types. However, results in the multinomial logit arrhythmia sinus confirm findings in the logistic regression models.

Throughout this paper, we have assumed that SMs either disregard the potential responses of other second movers to FM contributions, or expect non-responsive or conformist behaviour of other SMs with respect to FM contributions.

However, if the expected behaviour of other SMs is negatively correlated with FM contributions, and if SMs mainly condition their responses on their expectations on how other SMs will behave, then this could lead to complications in interpreting SM responses and the classification of redistribution strategies in продолжить чтение sections.

This arrhythmia sinus true across all SM types. However, we do not include these models in the main because the arrhythmia sinus question was not incentivised. As a result, we be sure whether stated expectations depression add contributions, or whether players answered the expectations question in such a way to justify the contributions choices they made in the game.

Given this potential problem arrhythmia sinus the fact that expectations do not affect other variable influences, we opt to omit the expectations variable from the analyses presented in this paper (however, they are available upon request). In this study, we used a multiplayer dictator game to identify how redistribution behaviour is influenced by what others do.

Specifically, we examined how second movers (SMs) responded to contributions by first movers (FMs) to passive recipients, using a strategy game, in which SMs provided a vector of responses to a range of possible FM decisions, ranging from selfish (zero contributions by FM) to a fair split (half of the endowment). We found that at the aggregate level, SM redistribution choices elicited via a sequential strategy method were positively influenced by the initial amount presented (the anchor).

Analysis of Arrhythmia sinus redistribution choices thus confirm that SMs condition their transfer amounts on the initial FM transfer presented to them in the strategy experiment. The size of the effect was found to be small but meaningful. Hence, our finding that anchoring effects extend to redistribution decisions arrhythmia sinus an important contribution to the limited literature.

Future studies might explore whether anchors influence other types of pro-social behaviour, such as cooperation.

The impact on the distribution of self-interested individuals appears to be most evident, with higher anchors leading to significantly fewer self-interested players. In particular, we arrhythmia sinus that self-interested types become less frequent with higher anchors. However, if the initial conditions of play involve high anchors, then such a player might struggle to justify a selfish strategy if they also seek to maintain a positive self-image.

However, these findings can be taken as broadly indicating the possibility arrhythmia sinus positive self-image is less of a concern among self-interested SMs who received a low anchor.

Further research could examine this apparent switching behaviour among those classed as having self-interested strategies and confirm whether this is only induced arrhythmia sinus the size of the anchor or whether this occurs in response to other factors. Additionally, it would be valuable to explore in greater detail the cognitive mechanisms underlying self-interested strategies.

We note that Gunnthorsdottir et al. Thus, not only is individual redistribution behaviour observed to be path dependent, but initial conditions strongly determine the path. The outputs from this research may provide critical input into the understanding of how people choose to behave, and the types of citizen that individuals choose to be. We also arrhythmia sinus to thank colleagues at Middlesex Behavioural Economics Group as well as members of the LSE Behavioural Economics group for providing useful feedback arrhythmia sinus an earlier version of this paper.

Finally, we acknowledge the valuable comments and suggestions from two anonymous reviewers. Is the Subject Area "Behavior" applicable to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Decision making" applicable по этой ссылке this article. Yes NoIs arrhythmia sinus Subject Area "Cognitive heuristics" applicable to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Arrhythmia sinus "Motivation" applicable to this article.

Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Dictator game" arrhythmia sinus to this article. Yes Жмите the Subject Area "Experimental economics" applicable to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Public goods game" applicable to this article.

Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Conditioned arrhythmia sinus applicable to this article. Identifying anchoring effectsTo identify anchoring effects with respect to the initial amount presented to second movers, the order in which the hypothetical first mover transfers were presented to SMs was randomized.

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25.08.2020 in 01:59 Викторина:
Теперь всё понятно, большое спасибо за помощь в этом вопросе. Как мне Вас отблагодарить?

25.08.2020 in 10:39 Аристарх:
Следуя закону бутерброда, можно сделать вывод, что если бутерброд намазать с двух сторон, то он повиснет в воздухе. Сколько Вашему сорванцу? Шестнадцать? Да, аборт делать уже поздно… Если враг не сдается, его перезагружают! Не кидайте бычки в писсуары, мы же не ссым в ваши пепельницы КЛАВУ топтать – это вам не с ДЖОЙСТИКОМ баловаться … Шоб вы так жили, как прибедняетесь! Жизнь так коротка! Потерпи чуть-чуть! Дул такой сильный ветер, что сигареты выворачивало вместе с зубами…