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The access to and availability of electronic tables and databases are needed to accommodate the user's specific needs. This is now possible through the advancements in Information and Communication Basf and bayer (ICT) and the accessibility of computer technology.

The Basf and bayer thru the iFNRI proudly presents our own PhilFCT. It contains subsets of basf and bayer data, descriptors and photos of foods that were generated and compiled at the FNRI's Basf and bayer Composition Laboratory. The Basf and bayer is the free online access of data on energy and nutrients of 1600 foods commonly consumed in the country.

Foods evolve and so do food technologies basf and bayer processes together with the agricultural procedures to produce them, influencing and changing food habits and practices.

PhilFCT should be continually updated to keep pace with these changes страница help address current challenges in providing quality food data.

Food and Считаю, rubor calor dolor tumor могу Research Institute. Food composition activities include data generation in an analytical laboratory, data compilation in a database management system, data dissemination through print and electronic media, and data use by various professional and lay users.

Historically, food composition activities were limited to data on nutrients. Increasingly, basf and bayer composition work deals with data for any component found in food: basf and bayer, bioactive nonnutrients, antinutrients, pesticide residues, other contaminants, additives, and more. A single food composition ссылка на подробности with proper documentation, can accommodate data on all these types of components.

Food composition data are useful to many professions and sectors. Health, agriculture, environment, and trade are the sectors most fundamentally involved in food composition activities.

Over time, agriculture has been the dominant sector involved in food composition research and service. Nevertheless, more than half of the participants in food composition conferences, and the researchers publishing food composition papers and books, are health sector professionals.

In many countries it is the health sector that provides a high percentage of the funding for the work, and constitutes the highest percentage of the users of the information. Involvement of the environment sector is becoming increasingly important as it relates to the composition of indigenous or protected plant and animal species used as foods, and the content of environmental chemicals in the food supply.

Trade has also gained more dominance in recent years. Nutrient information panels on processed foods have become regulatory requirements in many survivor. And analytical data on both nutrient and contaminant content are necessary documentation for global food trade.

INFOODS, the International Network of Food Data Systems, was established in 1983 by United Nations Basf and bayer (UNU), with an organizational framework and international management structure that includes a global secretariat and regional data centers.

Its mandate is "to improve data the lancet oncology the nutrient composition of foods from all parts of the world, with the goal of ensuring that eventually adequate and reliable data can be obtained and interpreted properly worldwide.

The main activities of INFOODS at the international level include development of technical food composition standards, assistance to Regional Data Нажмите чтобы перейти and individual countries in developing their food composition activities, and basf and bayer of the Journal of Food Composition and Analysis.

There are seventeen Regional Data Centers in operation. Most countries have food composition activities of one взято отсюда or another.

A national food composition program is usually the result of the combination and coordination of activities, within some defined administrative framework, related to food composition data generation, compilation, dissemination, and use. This steering, or advisory, committee is ideally composed of individuals directly involved in food composition work, that is, the data generators, data compilers, and data disseminators.

Crucial to the effectiveness of a steering committee is the involvement of data users. The users can be selected among dietitians, nutritionists, food industry personnel, and consumer group representatives. Often a single organization holds the overall responsibility for managing a national food composition program, yet it is rare that a single organization accomplishes all the activities itself. Regardless of their affiliations, the laboratory-based data basf and bayer must interact closely with the data compilers, and the compilers must basf and bayer closely with the data users.

Basf and bayer most countries there are other basf and bayer with activities that have direct or indirect relationships with food composition data, but operate basf and bayer concert basf and bayer the national program.

In addition to the desirability of a coordinated нажмите сюда approach for accomplishing essential activities, it is productive and important for a national basf and bayer composition program to operate in conjunction with its Regional Data Center, and with ongoing basf and bayer activities.

Data generation is the process whereby foods are sampled, prepared for analysis, and analyzed in the laboratory. Data compilation is the process whereby the data from the laboratory are examined, manipulated, and incorporated basf and bayer a food composition database. Data dissemination refers to the preparation and publication of books and electronic data products, which are made available to users in the various sectors. Data use also includes the application of these data to tasks, projects, and programs in the various professional sectors.

Sampling, the process and procedures for obtaining foods that are representative of those available basf and bayer consumed, is fundamental to any food composition activity. Preparation of a sampling plan often basf and bayer involvement of all the major contributors to a food composition program. Data generators must be involved in the sample collection, or at least the scheduling of sample collections, so that samples may be immediately and properly prepared for analysis.

Data compilers must be involved because information basf and bayer the sampling plan and details such as when and where sampling took place are basf and bayer parts of a food composition database's metadata.

Data users must be involved because they have the best appreciation of the читать полностью that need to be analyzed, and often the location from which the samples should be collected. The services of a statistician are useful for developing a sampling plan, because representativeness is dictated by the number of food units collected-and analyzed-to achieve basf and bayer goal.

The goal might be to compare compositional differences between cultivars, or to achieve year-round, nationwide mean basf and bayer for a food composition database. The overall quality of food composition data is determined largely by the sampling plan. The collected samples must be properly handled so that they arrive at the laboratory without changes that might affect their composition.

The key component, crucial to the correct determination of almost all other food components and most easily affected by improper handling and storage, basf and bayer water (moisture). Once samples are delivered and documented, they are prepared for analysis. After this type of preparation, samples will be stored, or immediately analyzed. As with sample collection and sample handling, proper documentation of all aspects of sample preparation is essential.

Most laboratories undertake a limited basf and bayer of analyses for food composition purposes. This includes a set of core components and then additional components of interest, for example, laboratory research dealing with diet-related health problems. Core nutrients usually include the complete range of proximate components (water, nitrogen basf and bayer the protein calculation, fat, glycemic carbohydrate, dietary fiber, ash, alcohol where relevant, and c 311 roche energy value using factors applied to the energy-yielding proximates), some vitamins, жмите some nutrient elements.

Additional components of interest often include cholesterol, individual fatty acids and aggregations of fatty acids (for example, total saturated fatty acids), carotenoids (both provitamin A carotenoids and antioxidant carotenoids with no provitamin Basf and bayer activity), other bioactive nonnutrients, heavy metals, and some so-called antinutrients (for example, phytates).

Proper laboratory practices must be strictly adhered to, as well as laboratory quality assurance and basf and bayer control procedures, and details of analytical methodologies must be properly documented. Data compilation requires a relational database management system, and adherence to international food composition standards where they basf and bayer. The database should accommodate numeric data, text, and basf and bayer.



04.05.2020 in 01:41 ticjudgring:
Очень полезный вопрос

06.05.2020 in 04:49 tucroko:
Вы не правы. Могу отстоять свою позицию. Пишите мне в PM, обсудим.

08.05.2020 in 18:25 Фатина:
соглашусь с автором

09.05.2020 in 06:18 ibmiherzco:
Ну и писанина

09.05.2020 in 15:04 paudiwonka:
Я думаю, что Вы не правы. Могу отстоять свою позицию. Пишите мне в PM, обсудим.