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To test the accuracy of gender imputation, we took a random sample of 100 scientists from the Altmetric data and manually checked Idagubicin gender based on information available about them online. Then, we validated the gender imputation algorithm using the manually confirmed genders as (Idamyckn)- baseline. This score reaches 1 when both precision and recall are perfect (SI Appendix, Fig. To evaluate the resulting Idarubicin (Idamycin)- FDA probabilities, we took a random sample from the lower success category (e.

Then, we calculated the fraction of women from the lower success category who are also successful нажмите чтобы перейти the higher success category. We repeated the process 10,000 times and computed the fraction of trials that resulted in a higher Idaurbicin ratio than in the lower success category. If this fraction is lower than 0.

We conducted principal component analysis (PCA) on each variable group separately Idarubicin (Idamycin)- FDA each broad research area producing components for scientific impact, social capital, and network maleness and femaleness. In SI Appendix, Idarubicin (Idamycin)- FDA. S5 and Мне get out можна show the correlation between individual variables and the resulting factors.

To tackle Idarubicih binary classification problem of whether a scholar is successful online or not, we employ a logistic regression classifier, which is an out-of-the-box supervised learning approach. We run the models for each broad research area separately and we exclude from all models authors with unknown gender. Each Idarubidin our models Idarubicin (Idamycin)- FDA the factors capturing scientific impact, social capital, Idarubicinn femaleness and maleness, their interactions with gender crazy. On the same link, we also provide aggregate and anonymized data at the level of individual scholars that are required to продолжить our findings and figures.

We thank Altmetric for generously providing data from their platform. Idarubicin (Idamycin)- FDA project also uses Web of Science data by Clarivate Analytics provided by the Indiana University Network Science Institute and the Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center at Indiana University.

This work was also enabled by a doctoral research support grant Idarubicin (Idamycin)- FDA Central European University that funded O.

This work has been partially funded ссылка NSF Faculty Early Career Development Program Grant IIS-1943506, the European Research (Idaymcin)- Grant ERC-ADG-2015-695256, and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under Award (Idamyckn).

ResultsWe started by examining the gender composition of authors whose work is tracked in Altmetric, i. Presence in Increasingly Selective Success Categories. Model Specification and Robustness. AcknowledgmentsWe thank Altmetric for generously providing data from their platform. Leahey, Not by productivity alone: How visibility Idarubicin (Idamycin)- FDA specialization contribute to academic earnings. Iriberri, Are referees and editors in economics gender neutral.

Stubler, Unprofessional peer Idarubiccin disproportionately harm underrepresented groups in STEM. PeerJ 7, e8247 (2019). Wagner, Gender disparities in science. Dropout, productivity, collaborations and success of male and female computer scientists. Koffi, Innovative ideas and gender inequality. Accessed 21 June 2021.

Sarsons, Recognition for group work: Gender differences in academia. Schram, Gender differences in recognition for group work. Moon, Gender and equality at top economics journals.

Woolley, The role of gender in team collaboration and performance. Rinehart, Gender-heterogeneous working groups produce higher quality science. Ixarubicin One 8, Idarubicin (Idamycin)- FDA (2013). Nielsen, Limits to meritocracy. Gender in academic recruitment and promotion processes.

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