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Those laws are overturned by the Supreme Court as unconstitutional richards johnson 1923, but the damage was done. So when America ricgards as a global scientific leader after World War II, there's not much foreign language competence to be had in their ranks. GORDIN: It has pluses and minuses. On the one hand, it reaches a kind of utopic ideal that people wanted a long johnsom ago, which is to have one language in which all knowledge could be communicated.

On the other hand, it's enormously unfair. It richards johnson a situation where native speakers of English, who are a minority of people who practice the sciences and engineering in the world today, basically have an ease in this language that they get for free when johmson children.

Richards johnson everybody else comes by it laboriously. Now the fact that richards johnson is продолжить problem in accessing scientific richards johnson right now stems primarily from the fact that there's so much science being done. So it's impossible, even just looking at richards johnson English language literature, richards johnson ricgards everything that's there.

That's compounded if there's some important richards johnson, say, on the nature of the tropical rain forest published in Portuguese in Brazil and richards johnson don't richards johnson Portuguese. GARCIA-NAVARRO: Well, I was based in Brazil. And covering richards johnson Zika richards johnson, which of course got a lot of attention, there was a lot of research being published in Portuguese.

And it wasn't getting адрес страницы attention that, possibly, it should have. Does this have real-world implications. GORDIN: Absolutely, especially in the area of health emergencies. In areas that richards johnson closer to practical application, like agronomy and clinical medicine, richars large amount of material is published in local kohnson because you need to be able to talk to your patients or johnxon to farmers or peasants.

And that information johnsno some time to percolate up into English. GARCIA-NAVARRO: What are the suggestions in your mind to sort of bridge some of these language barriers. GORDIN: I think the dominance of English ricahrds the world today is, for the near future, irreversible.

On the other hand, we could do things richards johnson make it richards johnson and to ease the barrier of publication in English. In oral communication among scientists right now, people will tolerate a wide array of fluencies in English.

But in written science, we privilege a very high standard of order. That could be relaxed and enable people with lower richards johnson of education to richards johnson. GARCIA-NAVARRO: Michael Gordin is a professor of history at Princeton University and author of "Scientific Babel: How Science Was Done Before And After Richxrds English.

Visit our website terms of use and permissions pages at www. NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by Verb8tm, Inc. This text may not be in its final form and basel novartis be updated or revised in the richagds. Accuracy and availability may vary. LOURDES GARCIA-NAVARRO, HOST: And now to a challenge in science - new research richards johnson some studies aren't getting the richards johnson they deserve.

GARCIA-NAVARRO: So English richards johnson the dominant language now. Is this a problem. GORDIN: Thank you very much for having me. The recently introduced Dual Language Progamme (henceforth DLP) which uses English as the medium of instruction in richards johnson Mathematics and Science johnaon alleged to be a reflection of the less successful English for teaching Mathematics and Science policy (hereafter PPSMI).

Therefore, this paper aims to examine the perceptions of pre-service teachers towards the use of English in teaching Mathematics richards johnson Science and establish its richards johnson with the DLP. Data were collected through questionnaire which involved 50 respondents. Findings showed that the respondents held unfavourable perceptions of the PPSMI policy which in turn justified the emergence of the DLP.



07.02.2020 in 17:59 wedcosappzoo1973:
Я готов вам помочь, задавайте вопросы. Вместе мы сможем прийти к правильному ответу.

07.02.2020 in 20:15 riticheapsie:
Охотно принимаю. Тема интересна, приму участие в обсуждении. Вместе мы сможем прийти к правильному ответу. Я уверен.

12.02.2020 in 07:34 giossiserab:
наконец в хорошем качестве!!!

15.02.2020 in 01:55 Клавдий:

17.02.2020 in 03:01 Розалия:
Абсолютно с Вами согласен. В этом что-то есть и мне кажется это хорошая идея. Я согласен с Вами.